Hello photographic stylists/lovers, welcome to another edition of Solats. Have you ever peeped through the viewfinder of a camera and marvelled at the tiny image set before you awaiting the shot? I say, it can be exhilarating sometimes! I believed that everyone should love photography; everyone should take a shot and experience the thrills of your image smiling back at you in a glossy photo paper.
Photographic has evolved from ninetieth and early twentieth century’s era to modernised, mind-blowing photographic excellences of today’s trend. Lens speaks, and the quality of the image speaks of the power of the lens. Though phone selfie is a crazy trend in our world today; I say this to you, nothing can be compared to poising before a professional SLR camera for the wonderful pictures of your moment.
Photography profession is a sophisticated art that needs quality training to attain a good standard of professionalism. I share with you Berdan Robert teachings for beginners in this art of imaging.
First, you choose your prefer camera. There are two main types of compact cameras: 1. ‘Point and shoot camera’ which enable you to view the image from a liquid crystal display (LCD) screen. 2. ‘Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras with interchangeable lens that let you see the image through the lens that is attached to the camera.
Point and shoot cameras are portable and light weight and can fit into your pocket. Though they can shoot professional images, but their quality is not as good as SLR cameras. SLR cameras are bigger and usually more expensive. They offer excellent image quality and lots of features and accessories.
Important Controls on SLR:
In the words of Berdan:
- ISO Speed – determines the digital sensors sensitivity to light and the amount of “grain” in your pictures. When there is lots of light e.g. sunny day, set your camera ISO speed to 100-200. If you want to shoot inside without using a flash, then set your camera to ISO 400, 800,1600 or higher.
The higher the ISO speed the grainier your image will be. Always try use the lowest ISO speed that allows you to shoot with a shutter speed of 1\30 or faster if you are not using a tripod.
Doubling the ISO speed e.g. from 100 to 200 doubles the camera’s sensitivity to light (equal to one F-stop or one shutter speed). Advances in noise reduction allow digital cameras to achieve low grain images even at high ISO speeds around 1600 or more. Some cameras change the ISO speed automatically depending on the ambient light – I recommend you control the ISO speed.
- Camera Shooting Modes: A, S, M, P, B -some cameras also include additional automated modes. Use P Program or “party” mode when you don’t want to think, use A or aperture priority mode most of the time to control depth of field. In A mode you control the lens F-stop and hence the depth of field – just keep an eye on the shutter speed which should always be 1\30 of a second or faster if the camera is being hand held. Other modes are used less often, e.g. S shutter speed might be used in sports to lock in a fast shutter speed. M or manual might be used to lock exposure for taking panoramas. B or bulb keeps the shutter open as long the shutter button is held down. B mode is useful for long exposures at night time e.g. fireworks and lightening but requires a tripod. Sometimes B setting falls under the M or manual control mode. I recommend using A or Aperture priority mode most of the time if you want to control the camera and the depth of field in the picture.
Cameras are fascinating gadgets; we will continue the training manuals in next edition. But you can request the full edition of Solats Magazine by placing your order. See you next time.